Sahaba: Al-Shafa3a (voorspraak) is voor hen uit de Oemma met grote zonden

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قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – :

“شفاعتي لأهل الكبائر من أمتي”

جاء عن جمع من الصحابة رضي الله عنهم

صحيح الجامع (3714) المشكاة (5598)

De Boodschapper van Allah salAllahu 3alayhi wa salam zei:

Mijn voorspraak (shafa3ati) is voor degenen van mijn Oemma die grote zonden hebben verricht.

Dit is gekomen van een groep van de Metgezellen radiAllahu 3anhum

Bron: Sahih al-Djaami3 (3714) en Al-Mishkaat (5598)


He is the Owner of all things and Shafa`ah (intercession) belongs to Him Alone.Say: “To Allâh belongs all intercession.” [39:44]

Shafa`ah belongs to Allah Alone. He bestows it on whomever He decides. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was told that he will intercede for Muslims on the Day of Judgment. There is no need to ask for the Prophet’s intercession upon visiting his grave. On the Day of Judgment, if you are destined to enter Jannah (Paradise), you may enter it through his intercession. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) will also intercede for people so that Allah will judge between them. Since you will be among these people, there is no need for you to ask Shafa`ah from the Prophet. You may ask Allah saying, ” O Allah! Make Your Prophet intercede for me”, “O Allah! Make me one of those for whom the Prophet will intercede,” or “O Allah! Grant Your Prophet a good reward for directing us to do what is good,”…etc. It is impermissible to ask the Prophet to intercede for you since he is already dead. An exception to this would be to ask him to intercede for you if he were alive. There is nothing wrong with asking for Shafa`ah from him in that case. You can ask him to do so if he were still alive. In that case you may ask him saying: “O Messenger of Allah! Intercede with Allah for me so that He may guide me aright or so that He may provide for me.” This is based on the fact that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to intercede with Allah for his Sahabah (Companions). During the years of drought, one of the Sahabah came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) while he was delivering the Friday Khutbah (sermon) and said: “The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; so pray to Allah to send rain upon us.’ The Prophet (peace be upon him) raised both his hands and said: ‘O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain!’ It was just after the Prophet (peace be upon him) had prayed to Allah that clouds were formed and it started to rain. All the Sahabah got wet before they returned home. Rain continued until the next Friday. The same man came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: “The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off, so pray to Allah to withhold the rain.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) raised both his hands and said: “O Allah! Around us and not upon us. O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow”. The sky became clear and the rain stopped from falling onto Al-Madinah. Allah answered the Prophet’s Du`a’ instantly on both occasions as a sign of his Prophethood and that he was truly a Messenger of Allah. Therefore, during the Prophet’s lifetime, there was nothing wrong in asking him to seek Allah’s help for the Muslims. On the Day of Judgment the believers will ask the Prophet (peace be upon him) to intercede for them so that they are saved from the horror of standing and so that Allah may judge among all of mankind. Allah (Exalted be He) will ask the believers to enter Jannah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) will intercede with Allah so that those destined to enter Jannah may enter it. This fact has been proven by Nusus (Islamic texts from the Qur’an or the Sunnah). Therefore, one is prohibited from asking the Prophet to fulfill a need for him. Rather, one must invoke Allah’s peace and blessings upon him. One must also adhere to his Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet), obey his commands and avoid his prohibitions. It is prohibited to ask the Prophet to cure a sick person or to fulfill a need, because this practice constitutes an act of major Shirk which Allah has prohibited His servants to commit. Allah (Glorified be He) says:And (remember) when Luqmân said to his son when he was advising him: “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allâh. Verily joining others in worship with Allâh is a great Zûlm (wrong) indeed. [31:13]

Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) also says:Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allâh, then Allâh has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers. [5:72]

In another Ayah (Qur’anic verse) Allah (may Allah be Glorified) says:But if they had joined in worship others with Allâh, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them. [6:88]

Allah (Glorified be He) says:Verily, Allâh forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills [4:48]

It is the duty of every Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) to pay attention to this matter whether they happen to be a pilgrim or not. They must avoid beseeching the help of prophets, righteous people, angels or jinn wherever they may be. They must invoke Allah Alone, seek His help, resort to Him (Glorified be He), ask Him to fulfill their needs, and remove their distresses. Allah Alone is the Omnipotent Who can do everything. It is not within the capacity of a prophet, an angel, a jinn or any other creature to do this. Allah Alone is the Sovereign and Owner of all things. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says,To Allâh belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things. [5:120]

So have Taqwa (fear/wary of offending Allah) O worshipper of Allah and avoid what Allah has forbidden…

Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb

Browse by Volume Number > Volume 2 > Chapter on invoking other than Allah > Ruling on invoking the Prophet upon visiting his grave

قال رسول الله – ﷺ – :
“لو أخطأتم حتى تبلغ خطاياكم السماء ثم تبتم ؛ لتاب الله عليكم”. عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه هذا إسناد حسن…

De Boodschapper van Allah salAllahu 3alayhi wa salam zei:

Wanneer jullie fouten maken, en het de omvang bereikt reikend tot aan de hemel en jullie vervolgens berouw tonen. Dan aanvaard Allah jullie berouw.

Van abi Hurayrah radiAllahu 3anhu en deze isnaad is hasan
(Al-Sahiha 902)


De Profeet Mohamed salAllahu 3alayhi wa salam heeft meerdere shafa3aat, waaronder die hij voor de hele schepping zal doen – de shafaa3a al-3udhma, wat de maqaam al mahmud is, voor zowel de gelovigen als de ongelovigen.


٩٧٨ عن معاوية بن حكيم [بن حزام] عن أبيه قال قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن الله تبارك وتعالى لا يقبل توبة عبدٍ كفر بعد إسلامه

الصحيحة ٢٥٤٥

Van Mu’āwiyyah bin 7akeem [bin 7azām] van zijn vader dat hij zei, de Profeet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa salam zei: Voorzeker Allāh Gezegend en Verheven is Hij aanvaard geen Tawbah (berouw) van een dienaar die ongelovig wordt na zijn Islām.

Al-Saheeha 2545, van Shaykh al-Albānī ra7imahullāh


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