Beantwoord door Shaykh Muhammad Naasir-al-Deen al-Albaani 1914-1999 | 1332H-1420H rahimahullah
Vraag: Is de Athaan verplicht voor iedereen die bidt, zelfs de persoon die alleen bidt in de moskee die een (vaste) Imaam in dienst heeft?
Antwoord: Ja, want het is vastgesteld in sommige wegen van de overlevering van de hadith van de man die slecht had gebeden dat de Profeet, salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam, tegen hem zei: ‘Verricht de Athaan, dan de Iqaamah’.
Dit is dus een bevel van hem, salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam. En tot de principes van ‘Ilm al-Usool (De Wetenschap van Principes/Grondbeginselen) is dat de regelgeving met betrekking tot een bevel het een verplichting aangeeft, zolang er niets is overgeleverd dat deze (verplichting) teniet zou doen. En er doet zich hier niets voor die gelijk is aan deze teniet doende overlevering.
Chapter 37. What has been related about the Adhan while traveling
205. Malik bin al-Huwairith said:
“A cousin of mine and I arrived as guests of Allaah’s Messenger salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam.
He said to us:
‘When you travel then call the Adhan and Iqamah and let the eldest of you lead the prayer.'” (Sahih)
Abu ‘Eisa said: This hadith is Hasan Sahih. Most of the people of knowledge act according to it: They prefer the Adhan while traveling. Some of them said that the Iqamah is acceptable, the Adhan is only for the one who wants to gather the people. The first view is more correct, and it is the opinion of Ahmad and Ishaq.
(Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, vol.1, p. 230, Darussalam)
Chapter 110. What has been related about the description of the Salat
302. Rifa’ah bin Rafi’ narrated:
“One day Allah’s messenger salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam was sitting in the Masjid” Rifa’ah said:
“And we were with him. Then what appeared to be a Bedouin man entered to pray, but he performed his Salat in a very brief manner. He then got up and greeted the Prophet with Salam.
The Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam said (returning the greeting): ‘And upon you. Go back and perform Salat, for indeed you have not prayed.’ So he returned to perform Salat, then came and greeted the Prophet with Salam. So he (the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said (returning the greeting):
‘And upon you. Go back and perform Salat, for indeed you have not prayed.’ [He did that] two or three times, each time coming to the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam, greeted the Prophet with salam and the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salam saying:
‘And upon you. Go back and perform Salat, for indeed you have not prayed – until the people got scared and became very worried that one whose prayer was so brief had not actually prayed. Then in the end the man said: ‘Then show me, and teach me, for I am a human who has suffered and is mistaken.’ So he said:
‘Alright. When you stand for Salat then perform Wudu as Allaah ordered you. Then say the Tashahud [Meaning the Adhan], and the Iqamah as well. If you know any Qur’an then recite it, if not then praise Allaah, mention His greatness, and the Tahlil [That is saying “al-Hamdulillaah”, “Allaahu Akbar” and “Laa ilaha ilallaah”]. Then bow such that you are at rest in your bowing, then stand completely, then prostrate completely, then sit such that you are at rest while sitting then stand. When you have done that, then you have completed your Salat, and if you leave out something, then you have made your Salat deficient.’ And this was easier on them than the first matter, because if some of this was deficient, It would only reduce the reward of his Salat, it would not have gone entirely.”
He said: There are narrations on this topic from Abu Hurairah and ‘Ammar bin Yasir.
Abu ‘Eisa said: The hadith of Rifa’ah bin Rafi’ is a Hasan hadith. And this hadith has been reported from Rifa’ah through other routes.
(Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, vol.1, p. 318-320, Darussalam)